all about Hokkaido
Origin and treatment: Japan. Hunter and companion.
Short history: The Hokkaido is said to have originated from medium sized Japanese dogs that accompanied migrants from the main island of Japan to Hokkaido during the Kamakura era, which was in the 1140’s when the exchange between Hokkaido and the town of Tohoku was developing.
When the breed was designated as a National Monument in 1937, it took the name of the region. It also became known as the Ainu-ken because the Ainu people, who were the former residents of Hokkaido, were said to have bred the dogs to hunt bear and other animals.
The body of Hokkaido is capable of withstanding severe cold and heavy snowfall. It also demonstrates accurate thinking and perfect endurance.
Appearance: a medium sized dog that has strongly developed secondary sex characteristics, well balanced, sturdily built and strongly boned.
Dog temperament: requires good care, tolerant, demonstrates its dignity. They are loyal, obedient, prick-eared and brave.
Body build: Proportion of shoulder height to body length is in a ratio of 10:11. Proportion of foreface to the length of the nasal bridge is in a ratio of 3:2. The length of the domed skull is equal to the width of the cheek and makes up about one quarter of the shoulder height.
Head: The skull and the stop are broad and slightly flat.
The stop is small but well-defined.
The nose is black or pink, except in white colored dogs where brown colored nose is allowed.
The muzzle is wedge shaped.
The lips are tight and have black edges.
The jaws and the teeth are strong, have scissor bite.
The cheeks are prominent.
The eyes are relatively small, nearly triangular in shape, set well apart and dark brown in color.
The ears are small, triangular in shape, inclined slightly forward and strong at the earset.
The neck is powerful and muscular, without dewlap.
The shoulder is high.
The back is straight and powerful.
The loin is moderately broad and muscular.
The croup is slightly sloping.
The chest is deep and moderately broad, with a well-developed forechest.
The ribs are well sprung.
The tail is set on high. It is thick and carried over the back in a curl or in sickle shape. The tip nearly reaches the hocks when the tail is down.
The shoulders are moderately sloping.
The forelegs are straight.
The pasterns are slightly sloping.
The hindquarters are powerful.
The hocks are firm and powerful enough.
The toes are well arched and closed.
The pads are hard, elastic.
The nails are hard and dark in color.
The movements are active, quick, light and spring.
The outer coat is harsh and straight.
The undercoat is soft and dense.
The hair on the tail is fairly long and stands off in a brush.
Sesame (red fawn hair with black tips), brindle, red, black, black and tan or white.
For males is 19 to 20.5 inches.
For females is 18 to 19 inches.
Any inclination of body characteristics should be regarded as bodily deficient. The seriousness with which this deficient should be considered is proportional to its degree and its influence on the dog’s health and welfare.
Undershot bite, overshot bite (level bite).
Aggressive, too shy.
Too big undershot bite or overshot bite.
Droopy or short tail.
Any dog, demonstrating its bodily or behavioral deficient must be disqualified. Male dog must have two average-sized testicles fully being in scrotum.
Blue and black colored tongue is standard.